A Brief Guide on Legal Requirements In Starting A Wildlife Ranch In Tanzania.
March 15, 2022


Tourism is a significant industry in Tanzania’s economy. For instance in the year 2018, the contribution of travel and tourism to GDP (% of GDP) of the United Republic of Tanzania was 11.7 %. Tourism investment is a profitable business to investors, local community and the government.

Apart from investing in hotels and establishing travel agencies, the government of Tanzania came out with other opportunities in tourism sector which have not been fully explored compared to some other African countries like South Africa. This is Wildlife Ranching.

Wildlife Ranch is defined by  Regulation 3 of the Wildlife Regulations of 2020, to mean an area of a minimum size of 2000 hectares kept for the purpose of a multiform utilization of wildlife, where a wide range of consumptive or non-consumptive complementary wildlife uses are managed.


The nature of the proposed land and the size of land
Take cognizance that, wildlife Ranch can only be established in either of the following areas;

  1. areas outside any reserved/conservation area, or
  2. village land but in conformity to the land use plan or written approval from the relevant local authority and or
  3. In any controlled area.

On top of that, such proposed nature of the land above, it must be of not less than 2000 hectares.

Registration requirements and criteria used to register a Wildlife Ranch

  1. That the applicant is a rightful holder of the right of occupancy proposed for wildlife ranching
  2. That the applicant is a citizen of Tanzania in case of individual applicant.
  3. In case the applicant is corporate body (company for example), then at least 51% of the shares in the company are held by citizens of Tanzania
  4. That the proposed wildlife ranching conforms to the land use plan of the area or the use is approved by the relevant local authority.
  5. The business plan relates to the proposed undertaking
  6. That environmental impact assessment certificate has been issued
  7. That applicant is prepared to mark each specimen of the species as per the prescribed procedure
  8. That applicant has paid Application and Registration fees.
  9. That applicant has complied with other requirements as shall be considered necessary by the Director General of Wildlife Utilization.

Once all the requirements are confirmed and verified the Certificate of Registration will be issued and normally this certificate is valid for the period of 10 years and it is subject to renewal basing on the terms and conditions.

Registration of Wildlife Ranch is a complex and technical process which needs the highest expertise and diligence. Victory Attorneys & Consultants are experts on this area as they guide various clients on registration of Wildlife Ranch in Tanzania.

Victory Attorneys & Consultants © 2023

Augustine Dominic Shio

Managing Partner

Augustine Dominic Shio is also known as Mr Shio is a highly sought-after and widely recognized criminal law expert with more than 30 years of experience advising and assisting corporations and individuals charged with white-collar crimes.


Before founding the firm Mr Shio held several positions in the public sector, he served as a Principal State Attorney at the Attorney General’s Chambers, Legal Advisor at the President’s Office (Commission for Enforcement of the Leadership Code), Director of Legal Services and Complaints at the Ministry of Home Affairs and retired as a Deputy Director of Public Prosecutions at the Directorate of the Public Prosecutions.

Mr Shio is a recipient of the Presidential Medal for his distinctive public services and ethics of the highest order. His distinguished aptitude in handling complex criminal cases, particularly money laundering, economic and organized crimes has enabled the firm to handle high profile criminal cases in Tanzania.

Practice Focus

As the firm’s head of the Financial & Organized Crimes Department, Mr Shio represents corporations and individuals in the telecoms, media & ICT, mining, oil & gas and banking sectors in high profile criminal cases. He has advised and prepared legal compliance models and for large scale agribusiness operators, public listed companies and securities dealers and brokers in line with sector-specific laws.

He possesses vast experience in advising multinational corporations on money laundering and tax evasion throughout the life span of their commercial transactions.

Mr Shio has represented clients in major plea bargaining negotiations at the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions. He is renowned for closing some of the best pleas deals in the country on behalf of many locals and expatriates charged with money laundering, economic and organized crimes and cybercrimes. Additionally, Mr Shio consults and assists criminally charged individuals to secure pre-trail and post-trial bail on serious criminal charges.


Mr Shio holds a Bachelor’s Degree (LL.B Hons) from the University of Dar es Salaam, Certificate in Criminal Justice and Treatment of Offenders from the United Nations Institute (Fuchu, Japan). He is a certified criminal law expert in Money Laundering and Terrorism.

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